Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a lifelong condition which is caused by damage to the brain prior to, during or soon after birth. Common symptoms of CP include speech difficulties and involuntary movements of the limbs. Due to its wide spectrum, not one diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy is the same.

Types of Cerebral Palsy:

Spastic

This is the most common type of CP and causes ones muscle tone to increase thus making movement of the limbs problematic. Individuals with Spastic CP may experience problems with daily tasks i.e. cooking as a result of the inability to control muscle groups. Speech may also be impaired as a result leading to communication difficulties.

Ataxic

Symptoms of this type of CP occur when an individual attempts to make a voluntary movement i.e. picking up an object. Ataxia interrupts the muscle control in the limbs resulting in lack of balance.

How is Cerebral Palsy treated?

The best course of treatment for CP is through therapy whether it be Hydrotherapy (which aims to reduce muscle tone) or Speech and Language therapy (aiming to improve certain speech muscles). The types of therapies that may be prescribed to an individual will heavily depend upon the severity of ones disability thus it is recommended to seek medical advice.

For more information about Cerebral Palsy, please refer to the NHS Advice website.